Terra Energy

Terra Energy is excited to announce the release of its latest report, “Utility-Scale Solar in Sudan,” which presents an in-depth analysis of the first utility-scale solar project in the country – the Al Fashir 5 MW solar power plant. The report highlights the successes and challenges faced during the project, and offers valuable recommendations for future endeavors in Sudan’s renewable energy sector. The report was launched at an event in Sudan, on Tuesday 14 March, at Savannah Labs. This report was sponsored by Jinko Solar – one of the leading and most innovative solar manufacturers in the world.

A Milestone in Sudan’s Renewable Energy Journey

In 2019, Sudan reached a significant milestone with the commissioning of the Al Fashir 5 MW solar power plant. Financed by the federal government at a total investment cost of 6.8 million USD, the project has set the stage for future utility-scale solar projects in the country. With a levelised cost of electricity of 0.063 $/kWh, the plant has contributed to enhancing energy security in the Darfur region.

Impact on Energy Security and Local Communities

Since its commissioning, the Al Fashir solar power plant has provided 8% of the electricity demand in Al Fashir city, significantly reducing power outages and addressing the challenge of electrification in the Darfur region. Moreover, the project has created 100 jobs during its construction phase, maintained 6 permanent positions, and involved 20 women in solar panel cleaning activities in the pursuit of gender equality. The plant has also saved approximately 4,000 tons of fuel per year and reduced CO2 emissions by 7,749 tons annually.

Photos from the launch event:

Challenges and Lessons Learned:

As the first project of its kind in Sudan, the Al Fashir solar power plant faced several challenges in pre-development, financing, construction, operation, and geopolitical conditions. Terra Energy’s report documents the experiences and challenges encountered by all stakeholders involved, shedding light on lessons learned for future projects. The study includes interviews with key stakeholders such as the Sudan Electricity Holding Company, the Consultant (NewTech Group), and the Contractor (Top Gear for Integrated Solutions), providing valuable insights into their aspirations and perspectives.

Recommendations for a Sustainable Future:

Terra Energy’s report emphasizes the need for an integrated approach in planning and executing future utility-scale solar projects in Sudan. The study recommends conducting technical studies in advance and closely engaging relevant stakeholders to ensure a seamless handover and commissioning process. Additionally, the report suggests clarifying financing terms for local currency payments with consultants and contractors early in the project lifecycle.

To create an enabling environment for the development of future renewable energy projects, the report recommends leveraging public-private partnerships, standardizing power purchase agreements, updating grid codes, investing in grid infrastructure, and implementing institutional reforms in Sudan’s electricity sector.


Terra Energy’s report on “Utility-Scale Solar in Sudan” is a comprehensive account of the country’s first utility-scale solar power project, its impact, and the lessons learned. The recommendations provided in the report aim to pave the way for a sustainable and successful renewable energy future in Sudan. Download your copy today to gain valuable insights into this groundbreaking project and the opportunities it presents for the country’s energy sector.


Mohamed Alhaj

Dr. Mohamed Alhaj is a young energy leader, a competent sustainable energy consultant, and an expert researcher. He is the founder and managing director of Terra Energy - a Rwanda-based clean energy consulting firm.

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